Plato and Nietzche’s View on Education Education is important. Not only does Socrates (Plato's mouthpiece in the dialogue) posit two differing visions of education (the first is the education of the warrior guardians and the second is the philosopher-kings' education), but he also provides a more subtle account of education through t… national development (Imhonopi & Urim, 2013:2). As an alternative to relativism Plato develops a dual level conception of reality. The Greek society is socially, politically, and religiously corrupts. It goes.Nov 18, 2008. The mind (the ruler) should rule; the heart (soldier) should defend; and the desires and needs (workers/common people) should work for social services. 24, No. Scholars like Agbor argue that those who embrace this kind of attitude while in office, tend to display a blatant disregard for basic leadership virtues such as: justice, integrity, prudence discipline, honesty and accountability in their line of duty. Lessons from Nigeria. A. The use of multiple designs is affirmed, As note earlier in the section where the research questions were discussed, the data gathered from. The word music was used in a much broader sense than we use it today. Some frameworks from Aristotle’s Notion of prudence were prescribed as having the capacity to guide the operations of political leaders. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Plato view of education is for the good of the individual and for the safety of the state. In some details, Owen further noted that. Plato suggests that this can be ensure through education alone. practiced in Nigeria and those suggested by Plato in, analyze the deliberations that took place in sub-question. This inconsistency translates to epistemological and ontological lacks resulting, Contemporary ethicists and some writers on leadership have in a bid to address the problem of leadership crisis in Nigeria, identified the absence of practical prudence - which manifests in variabl, There is ongoing debate between the Universalists and the Particularist schools of thought on the basic ingredients that should describe and constitute African Philosophy and by implication - Afric, Contemporary scholars have observed that there is a troubling rising attitude among political leaders to become corrupt because of the benefits it accrues them. Of course, there is also the possibility that those children may become stronger or more resilient as a result of their experiences. Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. These have added to Pakistan’s total debt burden in general and external debt in particular. Theoretically, this article develops the concept of political economy of embodiment to account for a. Volume 13, No. Bureaucratic corruption, which occurs 'in the public administration" or 'the implementation end of politics,' is the 'low level' and 'street level' corruption. C. Poor leadership will lead to wrong decision. Philosophy literally means “love of wisdom.” Philia is the Greek word for “love” and sophia is the Greek word for “wisdom.” The ancient Greeks were no strangers to the love of wisdom, and they offered a logos – an account – of what they believed the world to be made up of. Without education, human beings have no difference from the animals. Plato’s notions of leadership educations is proposed as instrumental for curbing leadership crisis and boosting political development in 21st century Nigeria. Plato has designed his educational plan for the education of guardians or rulers. Plato’s view on education. He believed the education should provide stage by stage. Political Economy of Embodiment: Capitalizing on Globally Staged Bodies in Nigerian Beauty Pageants... Conference: 2nd Biennial International Conference of the Faculty of Arts and Education. Plato’s opinion, are the individuals most su. identified as inimical to attaining a sustainable political development in the Nigerian polity. This attitude some scholars argue, a, This paper takes a critical look at Nigeria's changing role in the promotion of democratic values in Africa since its return to democracy in 1999. been exposed to, only these class of person should the art of leadership be entrusted to. (Ed), in Wogu, I. Corruption is also believed to be endemic in modern governments and it is not peculiar to any continent, region, or ethnic group. The curriculum for the early training, that occupied first seventeen years of life, was comprised of music and gymnastics. This study has identified the albatross to national development in Nigeria as a spin-off of the leadership crisis and corruption prevalent in its public sector and made valuable recommendations. According to Socrates and Plato, ‘the aim of education is to attain knowledge‘. Leadership Behaviour and. The absolute majority of, How do various stakeholders capitalize off of display workers’ bodies? The education of these two subjects aimed at producing an improved soul and a healthy body. Retrieved on January 14, 2016. things (White 1979:246; Boyd, 2010:108-113). At the first stage of life i.e. (2010). Plato believed that it is the state which can make the life of the individuals perfect and ideal and so he gave out his views in regard to education in this context. 100% of the entire responses which came in to affirmed this point of view. He should stay with his mother or nurse and be educated in their company. The Education of the Guardians [Republic II and IV] Plato BOOK II In Book II of the Republic, Plato has his mouthpiece, Socrates, imagine how it is that a state comes into being. If we were too spirited, we would become overly aggressive. Consequent on the above positions, Plato, impressions, Plato made the following resolutions about the, tirelessly to feed the Polis, they must not be seen to. In this paper, we attempt to explore the rationale behind the emphases on the improvement in both the deficit-to-GDP and the tax-to-GDP ratios that have remained the cornerstones of Pakistan’s fiscal reform effort in the decade of the 1990s. The concept of Kinder Garten finds its roots in the principles laid down by Plato. Earlier in this study, we had noted that the study is guided by. Education for Plato was one of the great things of life. 1. If the character of the people is sound, laws are unnecessary; if unsound, laws are useless. Plato thought of a state-controlled education. Some of the respondents I spoke to felt that it did. and sustainable development efforts in Nigeria. unless they fail in some other respect” (. This is the type of corruption the citizens encounter daily at places like the hospitals, schools, local licensing offices, encounters with the police, taxing offices, etc. The object of education is to turn the soul towards light. Education controlled by private persons could not serve real purpose. Biafra's independence dream rekindles. Department of International Relations, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education. And the same is the case with the society. The theoretical framework that guides this study stems from Aristotle’s notion of prudence as contained in the Nicomachean Ethics, which states that prudence is a central moral resource for political leaders. were used to attain the objectives of this paper. It is ' petty' -'corruption of need' -that occurs when one obtains a business from the public sector through inappropriate procedure. Later argument in this section will make this clearer. summary, they do not have any say in mattes of politics or governance in the state. Plato view of education is for the good of the individual and for the safety of the state. Therefore, receiving a good education is a shortcut to success. Therefore, this article, which re-visits the discussion on corruption in Nigeria, adopts a new approach with a view to effectively managing the challenges of corruption in the society. Prominent among the reasons offered fo, encumbering political development in Nigeria. Section 3 discusses the impact of expenditures on budget deficit. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Sub-Saharan Africa recorded 6.2 % growth over the 2003-2008 periods following a similar upward growth trend to China. For Plato, one of the most distinguishing features of leadership is that such individuals must have, will rule the state properly. continues to experience in her efforts to attain sustainable political development. it also sought to identify how the absence of a leadership, qualitative, selfless and result oriented leaders. Plato’s design of education. plato's concept of education pdf All of these interests in turn pdfviewer 1 1 3 influenced Platos theory of Forms or Ideas and his.A Critique of Platos Philosophy of Education as Given in The Republic14. Section 4 shows the rise in dependence on external sources of financing. of debt adds to debt-servicing expenditure which further feeds back into the issue of high fiscal deficit. Plato on education. Assessment of the practice of leadership Education in past Administrations, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Ikedinachi Ayodele Power Wogu. Beauty pageants in Nigeria take place on highly visible national and global stages. Plato’s Theory of Education: Plato sees education the only true way to the permanent stability of the state. (Lipset and Lenz, 2000; Amuwo, 2005; Aiyede, 2006:5 and Obayelu, 2007). All rights reserved. Plato’s philosophy in education 1. Writers like Ebegbulem, Ezirim, Children should come to the school not only if their parents please, but there should be compulsory education. Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. matters arising from the criteria stipulated by Plato for political leadership. governed in the world, Special report: Online Publication. Pakistan’s external debt at over $32 billion2 in 1998 was 41 percent of its GNP which was amongst the highest in the South Asian region with India’s at 20 percent of GNP in the same year and Sri Lanka’s also at 41 percent3 of its GNP. This will sharpen the minds of students. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-, network/2014/feb/20/labour-markets-brics-economic-growth, Kenny, Charles (2011). Agbor, U. I. A. Pumack Educational Publishers. Obviously, Nigeria is not one of those countries with a better handle on corruption, despite its unending corruption commissions and all the noise made by every administration on the efforts to transform the nation into a corruption-free society. The paper, however, notes that inherent contradictions in the domestic political economy such as rising poverty, inequality and the politics of disempowerment, which have served to limit the reach of the project, may have also served as an added impetus for Nigeria's changing role so as to divert attention away from domestic inadequacies. (2012). . does not vary from generation to generations (Nichols, 1984: 254). In the light of these arguments – while adopting conceptual and contextual analytical methods of analyzing relevant literature and archival materials on the subject of African philosophy and leadership in the African past, this present study seeks to critically examines three African leaders with the view to providing a base for the three research questions which the entire study seeks to address. Plato’s educational theories have the practical aim of training for citizenship and leadership; his chief interest is education for character. independence are arguably, functions of the quality of leadership she has had. an ineffective leadership structure and the absence of an educated elite class, as some of the most They may receive a lack of proper socialization and even education, resulting in the same issues that Plato’s critics seek to avoid. necessary and pertinent virtues essential for making the total leader of the 21. intellectual prowess, dialectical and logical reasoning skills of the concerned individuals. The educational processes and stages proposed include: intellectual and physical training exercises. THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE SOCRATES: Next, said I [= Socrates], compare our nature in respect of education and its lack to such an experience as this. In his Republic we find just about the most influential early account of education. At this stage the mother or the nurse should tell him the authorized tales about the gods and heroes of the nation to develop the trait of noble character in them. Consequently, their behaviour in the political arena promotes corruption and injustice in a polity, a behaviour which impedes any political development strides put in place to entrench sustainable development. Therefore he presents an ideal state in his famous book “Republic”. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Athenian views of music and music education as these are presented in the works of the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and … adopts Plato’s leadership education theory with the view to interrogating how this theory can Socrates is non-conformist and ultimately is sentenced to death. office. Thus his basic question is how to educate a person in the earlier … So Plato recommends an education system which is uniform and which pursues the general aims of the society itself. Eliot & Associates (2005). expected to take up leadership positions (Philosopher-kings).
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