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Duggirala, Kodur type, Tekurpet, Mydukuru, Sugantham, Alleppey, Kasturi, and Kesar are some other commercially popular varieties. Plant order of turmeric. So let’s look at various names of Turmeric in different languages. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa L: English Name: Turmeric Finger: Hindi Name: Haldi: Family Name: Zingiberaceae: Cultivation. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. People in Burma refer to turmeric with name fanwin. What Are The Different Types of Aloe Vera. Internally the drug is uniformly dull brownish yellow in colour with a waxy appearance. Portuguese has a slightly different name to Turmeric than all other languages from that region. The transversely cut surface shows a paler or darker endodermal ring separating the stele from the cortex, in both of which numerous fibrovascular bundles remain scattered. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). TURMERIC (BOTANICAL NAME : Curcuma Longa) Turmeric contains wide range of antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal , anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic and anti inflammatory properties. Apart from having a variety of names, Turmeric can be categorized into different categories, as well. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa L. Origin: Madagascar, Sri Lanka or India (see COA for lot specific origin) Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil Plant Part: Rhizomes Cultivation: Certified Organic (USDA, NOP); Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery.Always dilute. Turmeric is a plant that is regularly and commonly used in households, not only as a spice but also for medicinal purposes. Curcuma domestica Val.) Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. Mañcaḷ in Tamil. Origin and Distribution Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. Turmeric Botanical name. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows turmeric in your language, locality or culture! In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. Mydukuru type has a higher yield potential than Tekurpet but more inferior in curcumin content. It is used for treatment of … It has a long history that links it to Vedic Culture in India. 2 T urcuma longa) www.botanicaladulterants.org 1.3 Accepted Latin binomial: Curcuma longa L. 1.4 Synonyms: Curcuma domestica2,10,15,16 1.5 Botanical family: Zingiberaceae 1.6 Distribution: The plant is native to Southeast Asia, especially India.1,11-13,17 It is available in all states of India, but particularly in Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and The paste or cream of the rhizome is applied externally for brightening the colour of the skin. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. Cultivated in India since ancient time. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Turmeric, the vibrant yellowish/orange powder that comes from the root of the perennial Curcuma longa plant, has been used for centuries throughout Asia. Family. Overview of Turmeric The botanical name of turmeric is Curcuma longa, and it belong to plant family Zingiberaceae. All curcumas are perennial plants native to southern Asia. Should your turmeric flower, the flowers are stunning. C. aromatica is often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. The outer surface is deep yellowish brown in colour, longitudinally wrinkled and marked with transverse rings of scars of scale leaves. Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, and Yu Jin. It is a widely cultivated plant throughout the tropics. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. The botanical name is derived from the Arabic word “al-krukum”. It is used frequently in many dishes there. They grow in warm, humid climates and thrive only in temperatures abov… Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. Turmeric is also loaded with nutrients too. Turmeric plant - Curcuma longa L. (Syn. , in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. It typically grows to 3-4’ tall in a foliage clump of ornamentally-attractive, canna-like, pleated, elliptic to lanceolate green leaves (each to 3 1/2’ long). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. and Curcuma longa Linn. Fig. and Curcuma longa Linn. Short knob like branches and large circular scars of broken off branches often occur on the surface. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. This plant has no children Legal Status. All parts of the plant are of great medical importance. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa Main Constituents: Total Turmerones: 10 - 40% Plant Part: Root Origin: India Processing Method: Steam Distilled Description / Color / Consistency: Pale yellow to orange-yellow liquid. There are almost 30 known varieties of this herb. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called куркума, in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. In Arabic, turmeric is referred to by name, In most African region languages, turmeric is referred to name closer or the same as Englis. Sinhalese people turmeric with name Kaha. In Azerbaijani, it is called zerdeçal. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. Turmeric is widely grown both as a kitchen spice and for its medicinal uses. It has a fairly neutral flavor, little spicy. It means “saffron” and indicates the coloring properties of the plant. Botanical and Common Names Family Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa syn. Turmeric originated in India and is now cultivated in most parts of tropical Asia. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). The hot paste of the rhizome is used as a poultice in the treatment of inflammations and joint pains. The ground tissue is made up of parenchymatous cells, which contain masses of gelatinised starch grains. Geographical source: Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. Its botanical name is Curcuma longa. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. It also contains resin, sugars and starch. Turmeric is also used as a colouring and dyeing agent. Botanical source: Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. The drug is hard and heavy and breaks with a short fracture. Turmeric is addressed with different local names around the globe. Health Benefits of Turmeric. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. About 30 flowers are produced in a spike. Turmeric also has a great importance as a medicinal plant. Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … Ginger family (Zingiberaceae) Useful information about the plant. Most of the languages which have its origin from the Sanskrit language has a similar undertone of the name of Turmeric with slight variation. Interpreting Wetland Status. Turmeric: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages, In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. Turmeric is native to south Asia, in particular India, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the world. It should not […] Botanical Name of Spices, Common Name of Spices, Family Name of Spices, Part Used As … gurkmeja, Turmerik in Icelandic, and, in Maltese, it is called turmeric. The drug has a characteristic aromatic odour and a somewhat bitterish unpalatable taste. On the basis of duration of crop, turmeric can be classified into 3 main categories: Long duration types (9 Months) has Tekurpet, Duggirala, Armur and Mydukuru variety of Turmeric, Medium Duration types (8 Months) has Kothapet, Krishna and Kesar variety of Turmeric  and Short Duration types (7 Months) has Amalapuram and Dindigram varieties. of the family Zingiberaceae. Highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found. Turmeric is called. In Spanish, French, and Italian, the spice is also called Curcuma. You have entered an incorrect email address! In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma: A base note with a medium aroma, Turmeric Essential Oil has the same fragrant woody scent as the powdered spice used in Eastern cuisine. Javanese turmeric - Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. Plant Description: Curcuma longa is a rhizomatous, perennial herb. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. Inflorescence is a central spike of 10-15 cm length. 65: Turmeric A, finger turmeric; 8, bulb turmeric; C, t.s. It grows on underground tubers or Rhizomes. In Malayalam, it is called Maññaḷ. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. It is commonly used in Asian food. It is also cultivated in Nigeria and many other tropical countries. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domestica Val. As early as 3000 BC, the turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization. of rhizome. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It goes by other names, such as saffron or yuquilla stick. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, is a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial in the ginger family. It has a particular affinity for the blood, 1 and is thereby able to circulate its powerful health benefits throughout the body. The fingers and bulbs are cylindrical or sub-cylindrical in shape, bluntly tapering at both ends. The scientific name of Turmeric is the botanical name or formal name. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. The lamina is green above and pale green below and has a length of 30-40 cm and width 8-12 cm. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Curcuma longa. It combats the problem of Feverishness. besaar) in Nepali, nghệ in Vietnamese, Kamin in Thai, kunjit in Indonesian, borrie in Afrikaans and. Turmeric (Curcuma longa), also known as yellow ginger or Indian saffron, is a plant from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Two closely related plants, Curcuma petolata and Curcuma roscoeana, are natives of Cambodia and are grown for their decorative foliage and blossoms. Wetland Status. (Reproduced from Wallis). It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. cic, circular scar of branch; ct, cortex; en, endodermis; l.s., leaf scar; s, stele; v.b., vascular bundle. Turmeric contains about 6 per cent of volatile oil, and about 5 per cent of a crystalline yellow substance, curcumin. A decoction prepared from its roots is a good herbal treatment for Migraine and Epilepsy. It is commonly used as a condiment, particularly in the Asian and African countries. The botanical name for turmeric is Curcuma longa and it is part of the Zingiberaceae family which also includes ginger, galangal and cardamom. Black Turmeric is an Indian spice majorly grown in South India. Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall. It is a plant that has aroused more interest in … In Korean, it is called. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. h. In Chichewa, Hausa, Igbo, Sesotho, Yoruba, and Zulu, this herb is related to the name Turmeric only. It should not be used during pregnancy. Seeds are produced in capsules … Botanical Name: Curcuma longa.. Other Common Names: Indian saffron, haldi, kunyit.. Habitat: Turmeric has its origins most likely in India but today it is common throughout Southeast Asia, China, and southern Australia but can be found in most tropical regions of the world.. Turmeric is derived from Classical Arabic “kurkum”, which means saffron, the clear bright yellow dye. Turmeric is a spice that comes from the turmeric plant. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Turmeric stands alone for its exceptionally high margin of safety during its over 6,000 years use as a culinary spice in curry and medicinal herb. The fresh juice of Turmeric is used internally as a blood purifier. 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The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. of the family Zingiberaceae. Botanical Name: Western – Curcuma longa. Turmeric is a member of the Curcuma botanical group, which is part of the ginger family of herbs, the Zingiberaceae. It is a Turmeric occurs in whole forms as fingers and bulbs or in longitudinally split pieces. Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. 1-4 flowers are born in axil of the bract opening one at a time. The powder prepared from the ground dried rhizome of Haldi, known as Turmeric Power or Haldi powder, is used extensively as a spice, food preservative, cosmetic, and medicine for centuries. Eastern – Curcuma longa, C. zedoaria. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. Tekurpet’s rhizomes have the right color and higher curing percentage. Turmeric is a tropical plant. Short dense spikes of pale yellow flowers are produced in summer. Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. It is used to support a number of systems and functions in the body:

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